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Nikifor Titov
Nikifor Titov

Breathing Time

We investigate the timing of pre-answer inbreaths in order to shed light on the time course of response planning and execution in conversational turn-taking. Using acoustic and inductive plethysmography recordings of seven dyadic conversations in Dutch, we show that pre-answer inbreaths in conversation typically begin briefly after the end of questions. We also show that the presence of a pre-answer inbreath usually co-occurs with substantially delayed answers, with a modal latency of 576 vs. 100 ms for answers not preceded by an inbreath. Based on previously reported minimal latencies for internal intercostal activation and the production of speech sounds, we propose that vocal responses, either in the form of a pre-utterance inbreath or of speech proper when an inbreath is not produced, are typically launched in reaction to information present in the last portion of the interlocutor's turn. We also show that short responses are usually made on residual breath, while longer responses are more often preceded by an inbreath. This relation of inbreaths to answer length suggests that by the time an inbreath is launched, typically during the last few hundred milliseconds of the question, the length of the answer is often prepared to some extent. Together, our findings are consistent with a two-stage model of response planning in conversational turn-taking: early planning of content often carried out in overlap with the incoming turn, and late launching of articulation based on the identification of turn-final cues.

breathing time


Citation: Torreira F, Bögels S and Levinson SC (2015) Breathing for answering: the time course of response planning in conversation. Front. Psychol. 6:284. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00284

Jessica Timmons has been working as a freelance writer since 2007, covering everything from pregnancy and parenting to cannabis, chiropractic, stand-up paddling, fitness, martial arts, home decor, and much more. Her work has appeared in mindbodygreen, Pregnancy & Newborn, Modern Parents Messy Kids, and Coffee + Crumbs. She loves weight lifting, really great lattes, and family time. You can connect with her on her web page, Instagram, and LinkedIn.

Breathing techniques are designed to bring the body into a state of deep relaxation. Specific patterns that involve holding the breath for a period of time allow your body to replenish its oxygen. From the lungs outward, techniques like 4-7-8 can give your organs and tissues a much-needed oxygen boost.

Zawn is a writer who covers medical, legal, and social justice topics. Her work has been published in dozens of publications and websites. She lives with her husband, daughter, six tortoises, a dog, and 500 orchids. In her spare time, she runs a local maternal health nonprofit.

While attempting to establish himself as a recording artist, Robby inadvertently launched himself instead into a career as a technical writer for companies that make musical instruments and recording equipment. Several years ago, he transitioned into writing for a variety of popular digital media companies, where his interest in demystifying complex subject matter for readers found a welcome new outlet. The career shift also allowed Robby to spend more time pursuing his wide-ranging interests, including medical research. He has been writing for Medical News Today since the winter of 2020.

There is limited scientific research to support this method, but there is a lot of anecdotal evidence to suggest that this type of deep, rhythmic breathing is relaxing and may help ease people into sleep.

People interested in trying breathing techniques but unsure of their ability to self-regulate may wish to use an app to help them. People can find apps for various devices in the Apple and Google Play stores.

Take a deep breath in. Now let it out. You may notice a difference in how you feel already. Your breath is a powerful tool to ease stress and make you feel less anxious. Some simple breathing exercises can make a big difference if you make them part of your regular routine.

You can place a book on your abdomen to make the exercise more difficult. Once you learn how to do belly breathing lying down, you can increase the difficulty by trying it while sitting in a chair. You can then practice the technique while performing your daily activities.

Equal breathing is known as Sama Vritti in Sanskrit. This breathing technique focuses on making your inhales and exhales the same length. Making your breath smooth and steady can help bring about balance and equanimity.

You can try most of these breath exercises right away. Take the time to experiment with different types of breathing techniques. Dedicate a certain amount of time at least a few times per week. You can do these exercises throughout the day.

Check in with your doctor if you have any medical concerns or take medications. If you want to learn more about breathing practices, you can consult a respiratory therapist or a yoga teacher who specializes in breathing practices. Discontinue the practice if you experience any feelings of discomfort or agitation.

Diaphragmatic breathing is an excellent tool for relaxation, but it is a skill that requires practice. With practice it becomes easier over time, and eventually can be done with eyes open, while sitting, standing or even walking or driving.

At this time, adult patients (18 years and older) must be under the care of a Michigan Medicine gastroenterologist who would be happy to place a referral to the GI Behavioral Health Program. To schedule an appointment with a Michigan Medicine gastroenterologist call 1-800-229-7408. If you are a current patient with the GI Behavioral Health Program and need to reschedule or cancel an appointment, call 1-800-229-7408.

We are powered by breathing. Our lungs fuel us with oxygen, our body's life-sustaining gas. Our lungs breathe in air, then remove the oxygen and pass it through our bloodstream, where it's carried off to the tissues and organs that allow us to walk, talk, and move.Our lungs also take carbon dioxide from our blood and released it into the air when we breathe out.

As a patient nears death, it is common for their breathing patterns to change. These end-of-life breathing patterns can happen very quickly, or it can occur over many hours or even days. This is a normal part of the dying process as the body begins to slowly shut down. Families may choose to use this time to maintain a calm, supportive presence for their loved one, sitting with them quietly or speaking to them, saying prayers, or playing soft music.

In the days and hours before a patient passes away, it is common for their breathing to become irregular. The time between breaths can begin to stretch out with many seconds or even minutes passing between breaths.

Cheyne-Stokes breathing is an abnormal pattern of breathing commonly seen as patients approach death. It is named for the physicians John Cheyne and William Stokes, who first described the pattern in the early 1800s.

Patients who experience Cheyne-Stokes breathing will take several breaths followed by a long pause before regular breathing resumes. These cycles of breathing will become increasingly deeper and can be difficult for family members as they wait for the final breath to come.

In addition to end-of-life breathing patterns, there are several other end-of-life signs to be aware of. Although no one can predict the exact moment of death, knowing the signs and symptoms that indicate death is coming can help family members prepare. These symptoms include:

Interested in learning more about breathing patterns near death and other signs at the end of life? You can download a free guide to end-of-life signs and symptoms by completing the form on this page. 041b061a72


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