As per the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) report 2019-20, student enrolment up by 11.4% in higher education. As many as 3.38 crore students enrolled in programmes at the under-graduate and post graduate levels. According to Google, approximately 50,00,000 graduates pass out every year.
Enrollment of Indian Students by Level of Education
Graduate (Bachelor’s) 17,456 86%
Post-Graduate (Master’s) 2,492 12%
Research (Doctoral) 161 1%
Diploma/Certificate 218 1%
Now, the topic is; why they don’t make a career in their field of graduation?
Well! Several students pursue wrong for their graduation. If we see the statics, 47 percent of college graduates did not find a first job that was related to their college major. What's more, 32 percent of college grads said that they had never worked in a field related to their majors.
Students are not able to recognize their exact interests often after their schooling. It gets so late when they realize their passion and interest. No one can recognize his/her qualities and talents a day. We experience every day as a human being that we learn and nurture ourselves with each passing days.
There could be so many reasons for not preferring what they have chosen for study in graduation. Many factors can influence come into play when college students choose of career path. According to UTM (website), factors such as:
i. Interest in the Field:
Some students grow up knowing what they want to do in life. These are the students who will go the extra mile to reach their dream job. However, students often settle on a different path due to many factors they can’t control. Students will research their chosen career path and explore everything about it. The salary and benefits of that job do not play a role in this decision. In a research study the factor “match with interest” is rated over job characteristics, major attributes, and psychological and social benefits in importance when students choose a major (Beggs et al., 2008). Students will seek out schools that are well known for that major or trade. Most students today are more concerned with the amount of money they can earn. However, there are a few students who pursue their dreams (Mcglynn, 2007).
ii. Academic Ability:
Many students choose their major based on their academic ability (Beggs et al., 2008). However, some students do not have the ability or the work habits to succeed in some majors that may require more study than other fields of study. These students may find a better fit in a less work-intensive major that requires fewer difficult classes. This affects the career paths of these students. Other students can handle majors with greater workloads and 8 choose the career path that will lead to a job requiring more education. Examples in this category include veterinarians, doctors, or lawyers. For jobs such as these, students need more than one degree. On the other hand, some students have the drive to put in the work in very labor-intensive fields but do not have the intelligence to perform the tasks that are needed for their chosen field (Beggs et al., 2008). These students often receive help from tutors, special education teachers, and special exceptions when taking exams and doing homework. Students are given every opportunity to excel and work in their field.
iii. Economic Stability:
Many students believe that to live a comfortable lifestyle they need to be economically stable. When these students look into a major or a career path, they seek out the higher salary jobs or they look for majors that involve the most job security (Wildman and Torres, 2002). The 11 financial aspects that students consider include high earning potential, benefits, and opportunities for advancement (Beggs et al., 2008). Given the current economy and American culture, many students think they need a high-paying job to make it in society these days. Along with stability during their career, some students may even look ahead to retirement. Students want to make sure they are secure for the rest of their lives and may look into careers that have benefits to help them in the long run (Wildman and Torres, 2002).