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Ezekiel Myers
Ezekiel Myers

Buy Commemorative Coins

Congress authorizes commemorative coins that celebrate and honor American people, places, events, and institutions. Although these coins are legal tender, they are not minted for general circulation. Each commemorative coin is produced by the United States Mint in limited quantity and is only available for a limited time.

buy commemorative coins


Ireland has issued commemorative proof coins since the foundation of the Irish Free State. The first Irish proof set was issued in 1928 and collected all of the original circulating coins in proof quality. A circulating set was later issued in 1971 to mark decimalisation. Other pre-euro circulating coin sets were issued by the Central Bank of Ireland in 1966, 1978, 1982, 1986, 1996, 1998 and 2000.

The Central Bank also issued a number of pre-Euro commemorative circulating coins:In 1966, a special 10 shilling coin featuring a depiction of Cú Chulainn on the reverse and Padraig Pearse on the obverse was issued to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Easter Rising;In 1988, a 50p coin was issued to celebrate the Dublin Millennium, the design of which was based on the Dublin City Coat of Arms;In 2000, a special 1 was issued to mark the Millennium, and depicting the historic Broighter Boat.

Proof coins are collectable coins not intended for general circulation. They are minted using specially polished dies and blanks that give them a mirror-like finish. These coins are struck at least twice during the minting process. They are individually handled and protectively stored in order to prevent tarnishing. This is in comparison to general circulating coins which are struck once during the minting process and are handled in bulk. The defined, intricate and shiny appearance of proof coins gives them their collectable quality.

Design competitions are periodically advertised in national newspapers and on the Central Bank collector coin website, Artists and designers are shortlisted based on their CV and examples of previous medallic works by an independent panel of experts. Shortlisted candidates then receive a design brief in addition to the technical specifications of the proposed coin. The winning design is then selected by the Numismatic Advisory Committee.

Common everyday currency: In the UK, this would be the 50p, 1 and 2 commemorative coins that are in active circulation. As with other everyday coins, these tend to be made from base metals.

1981 Royal Wedding Charles Diana Commemorative Crown: Issued to mark the marriage of Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer, it is the first ever Royal Wedding commemorative coin (pictured below).

In comparison, a genuine numismatic coin will stand far more chance of increasing in value. This is because rare coins, which are typically made from gold or silver, have an intrinsic value as a precious metal. Over time, this value often goes up.

The eight coins are differentiated by weight, material, thickness and colour as well as by the kind of edge in relation to the other coins. These features make it possible for the visually impaired to recognize the individual coins by touch (see EC Regulation No 975/98 on denominations and technical specifications).

In 1996, the EU Council of Economics and Finance Ministers (ECOFIN) established that euro coins should have a common European side and a national side chosen freely by the member states, on condition that the12 stars of the European Union are incorporated into the design.

Even if they have different national sides, the coins can be used and circulated in all the states that have adopted the euro, independently of the issuing country. The Principality of Monaco, the Republic of San Marino and the Vatican City are not formally part of the European Union but they have the right to issue euro coins with their own national sides and these coins are legal tender throughout the area.

In relation to the limits placed on the coins being legal tender, Article 11 of EC Regulation No 974/98 establishes that with the exception of the issuing authority, no party is obliged to accept more than 50 coins in any single payment, regardless of denomination. In Italy, euro coins are minted by the State Printing Works and Mint on behalf of the Ministry of Economy and Finance which, in its capacity as issuing authority, ensures that they are distributed nationally through the Sections of the State Treasury operating jointly with the branches of the Bank of Italy.Damaged coins can be presented to the branches of the Bank of Italy, which then forward them to the State Printing Works and Mint.

The 'recirculation' of euro coins is governed by EU Regulation 1210/2010 on the authentication of euro coins and the handling of coins unfit for circulation. Institutions handling coins (banks and cash-in-transit companies) that intend to put coins that they have received as deposits back into circulation are required to authenticate them using coin-processing machines included in a special list kept by the European Commission; alternatively, the coins can be authenticated manually by duly trained personnel. In Italy, the power to regulate coin handlers is assigned to the Ministry of Economy and Finance. The Mint is assigned the power to check the coin handlers' capability to authenticate euro coins in accordance with Regulation 1210/2010.

The map on the first three coins (1, 2 and 5 cents) shows Europe in the world; the map on the 10, 20 and 50 cent coins shows the Union as a group of nations. To highlight the concept of unity, the 15 member states are shown as a single block on the 1 and 2 euro coins.

Euro coins are produced using advanced technology. For this reason, they incorporate high-security machine-readable characteristics, making it difficult to counterfeit them. They can be used in vending machines throughout the euro area, no matter where they were issued.

The terms 'damaged' or 'unfit for circulation' means those euro coins that are defective or whose technical parameters have been significantly altered as regards size, weight, colour, corrosion or damage to the edges following a long period of circulation or as a result of accidental damage.

All member states of the European Union must reimburse or replace euro coins that are unfit for circulation, regardless of the country of issue and therefore of the national side (Commission Recommendation of 27 May 2005 - Official Journal 15.7.2005).

Anyone in possession of damaged euro coins can hand them in to any branch of the Bank of Italy. They must be packaged in compliance with Regulation (EU) No 1210/2010, as specified below. The Bank of Italy will issue the bearer a receipt and forward the packages of damaged coins to the State Printing Works and Mint, which is responsible for reimbursement decisions.

Members of the public who hand in unfit euro coins to branches of the Bank of Italy pay no commission for reimbursement or replacement. Nevertheless, all metal coins that have been deliberately altered or have incisions or symbols that are intended to offend the State and its representative institutions are treated in the same way as counterfeit coins and are therefore not reimbursed.

If the coins have been treated with chemical or other hazardous substances, separate standard packaging units must be prepared and accompanied by a written declaration specifying the exact substances that have been used.

Similarly, unfit coins collected for charitable purposes (such as 'fountain coins') must be packaged in separate standardized containers accompanied by a written declaration specifying the nature and specific cause of the damage.

The regulations governing counterfeit euro coins are contained in the Decree of 1 March 2002 by the Ministry of Economy and Finance implementing the indications given in EC Council Regulation No 1338/2001 of 28.06.2001.

The above mentioned decree identifies the agencies required to withdraw suspect euro coins from circulation whenever they come into possession of them for whatever reason. Among these, for example, are banks, post offices (Poste Italiane), investment companies, savings management companies, financial intermediaries, exchange agents and insurance companies.

When any of the above receive suspect coins, they must give a receipt to the bearer, and immediately send the coins to the Centro Nazionale di Analisi (CNAC) at the Italian State Printing Works and Mint. If the coins are then found to be genuine, the State Mint will inform the Cassa Speciale per le monete a debito dello Stato, and the bearer will be reimbursed for the face value of the coins withdrawn. If, on the other hand, the coins are found to be counterfeit, no reimbursement will be made.

On 1st January 2008, the Bank of Italy opened a collection point at its Rome CDM branch where banks and Poste Italiane SpA can deposit their excess euro coins. The coins will then be used to supply the banking and postal systems. Two more collection points were added in 2018, one at the Piacenza branch and one at the Foggia branch. A packaging standard has been defined that makes it possible to identify the persons (banks or Cash In Transit companies - CITs) that have sorted and packaged the coins. For the deposit and withdrawal of the packages, banks and Poste Italiane must issue an exemption from liability warrant for the facilitated procedure, and if they intend to avail themselves of a CIT company, to notify the identities of the company staff members assigned to the deposit and/or withdrawal of the coins.

The coins must be packed in rolls contained in wrapped blister packs. Each blister pack contains ten rolls of the same denomination, placed in sets of five on pallets and then sealed with transparent plastic film, as specified in the table:

Each roll must bear the words 'authenticated coins' and indicate the denomination and quantity, the checking date and the code number of the cash handler that sorted and packaged the coins. Codes are assigned by the Bank of Italy upon request from the interested companies. Requests should be submitted to: 041b061a72


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