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Learn All About Organization and Management with R.D. Agarwal's Book PDF


Organization and Management by R.D. Agrawal PDF: A Comprehensive Guide




Organization and management are two interrelated concepts that deal with how people work together to achieve common goals. Organization refers to the structure, design, and coordination of various components within a system, such as people, resources, tasks, roles, rules, etc. Management refers to the process, function, and skill of planning, organizing, directing, controlling, leading, motivating, communicating, etc., within an organization.




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Studying organization and management is important for several reasons. First, it helps us understand how organizations operate and how they can be improved. Second, it helps us develop essential skills for managing ourselves, others, teams, projects, etc., in various contexts. Third, it helps us appreciate the diversity and complexity of organizational phenomena and challenges in a dynamic environment.


One of the best books to learn about organization and management is Organization and Management by R.D. Agrawal. This book covers all the fundamental concepts, principles, theories, models, tools, techniques, etc., related to organization and management in a clear, concise, comprehensive, and practical manner. It also provides numerous examples, case studies, exercises, questions, etc., to illustrate and apply the concepts learned.


Overview of the book




R.D. Agrawal is a renowned author, educator, consultant, trainer, researcher, etc., in the field of organization and management. He has more than 40 years of experience in teaching organization and management at various levels in India and abroad. He has also authored several other books on related topics such as human resource management, organizational behavior, business communication, etc.


The book Organization and Management by R.D. Agrawal has many features and benefits for the readers. Some of them are:



  • It covers all the essential topics of organization and management in a systematic and logical manner.



  • It explains the concepts in a simple and lucid language with suitable examples and diagrams.



  • It provides a balanced and integrated approach to both the theoretical and practical aspects of organization and management.



  • It incorporates the latest developments and trends in the field of organization and management.



  • It includes a variety of learning aids such as objectives, summaries, key terms, review questions, etc., at the end of each chapter.



  • It offers a rich collection of case studies, exercises, projects, etc., to enhance the understanding and application of the concepts.



The book Organization and Management by R.D. Agrawal is structured and organized into six chapters. Each chapter covers a major topic of organization and management in detail. The chapters are:



  • Nature and Scope of Management



  • Planning and Decision Making



  • Organizing and Staffing



  • Directing and Controlling



  • Leadership and Motivation



  • Organizational Culture and Change



Chapter-wise summary of the book




Chapter 1: Nature and Scope of Management




This chapter introduces the basic concepts, definitions, functions, levels, skills, principles, and theories of management. It also discusses the evolution, nature, scope, importance, roles, challenges, and future trends of management.


Some of the key points covered in this chapter are:



  • Management is the art and science of getting things done through people in an organized way.



  • The functions of management are planning, organizing, directing, controlling, staffing, coordinating, communicating, etc.



  • The levels of management are top, middle, and lower or operational level.



  • The skills of management are technical, human, conceptual, analytical, creative, etc.



  • The principles of management are general guidelines or rules derived from experience or observation that help managers to perform their functions effectively.



  • The theories of management are systematic frameworks or models that explain or predict the behavior or performance of managers or organizations.



  • The evolution of management can be traced from the classical school to the contemporary school of thought.



  • The nature of management is multidimensional, dynamic, universal, situational, integrative, etc.



  • The scope of management covers various areas such as production, marketing, finance, human resources, etc.



  • The importance of management lies in achieving organizational goals, utilizing resources efficiently, creating a conducive work environment, adapting to change, etc.



  • The roles of managers are interpersonal (figurehead, leader, liaison), informational (monitor, disseminator, spokesperson), and decisional (entrepreneur, disturbance handler, resource allocator, negotiator).



  • The challenges of management are globalization, diversity, ethics, technology, innovation, quality, etc.



  • The future trends of management are knowledge management, learning organization, e-management, etc.



Chapter 2: Planning and Decision Making




This chapter explains the types, steps, tools, and techniques of planning. It also describes the types, models, and methods of decision making. It also highlights the importance, benefits, limitations, and challenges of planning and decision making.


Some of the key points covered in this chapter are:



  • Planning is the process of setting goals, formulating strategies, and designing action plans to achieve them.



  • The types of planning are strategic, tactical, operational, and contingency planning.



  • The steps of planning are defining objectives, analyzing environment, identifying alternatives, evaluating alternatives, selecting best alternative, implementing plan, and monitoring plan.



  • The tools and techniques of planning are SWOT analysis, PEST analysis, BCG matrix, Porter's five forces model, balanced scorecard, etc.



  • Decision making is the process of choosing among alternatives to solve a problem or achieve a goal.



  • The types of decision making are programmed and non-programmed decisions.



  • The models of decision making are rational, bounded rationality, intuitive, creative, etc.



  • The methods of decision making are individual, group, participative, consultative, delegative, etc.



  • The importance of planning and decision making reducing uncertainty, improving efficiency, enhancing creativity, etc.



  • The benefits of planning and decision making are higher performance, better coordination, greater motivation, easier control, etc.



  • The limitations of planning and decision making are rigidity, complexity, time-consuming, costly, etc.



  • The challenges of planning and decision making are changing environment, conflicting objectives, limited information, human factors, etc.



Chapter 3: Organizing and Staffing




This chapter discusses the types, principles, and factors of organizing. It also explains the concepts, processes, and methods of staffing. It also emphasizes the significance, advantages, disadvantages, and issues of organizing and staffing.


Some of the key points covered in this chapter are:



  • Organizing is the process of arranging and allocating people, resources, tasks, roles, authority, responsibility, etc., to achieve organizational goals.



  • The types of organizing are functional, divisional, matrix, network, team-based, etc.



  • The principles of organizing are unity of command, span of control, scalar chain, delegation, specialization, coordination, etc.



  • The factors of organizing are organizational goals, strategy, environment, technology, size, culture, etc.



  • Staffing is the process of acquiring, developing, and retaining human resources for an organization.



  • The concepts of staffing are human resource planning, job analysis, job design, job evaluation, etc.



  • The processes of staffing are recruitment, selection, training, performance appraisal, compensation, promotion, etc.



  • The methods of staffing are internal and external sources of recruitment, interviews and tests for selection, on-the-job and off-the-job training methods, etc.



  • The significance of organizing and staffing lies in creating a suitable structure and culture for an organization and ensuring the availability and quality of human resources for an organization.



  • The advantages of organizing and staffing are clarity of roles and relationships, optimal utilization of resources, effective communication and coordination, employee development and satisfaction, etc.



  • The disadvantages of organizing and staffing are loss of flexibility and innovation, conflict and politics, bureaucracy and red tape, employee turnover and absenteeism, etc.



  • The issues of organizing and staffing are organizational design and change, diversity and inclusion, ethics and social responsibility, talent management and retention, etc.



Chapter 4: Directing and Controlling




This chapter describes the elements and styles of directing. It also illustrates the methods and barriers of communication. It also outlines the types and techniques of controlling. It also stresses the importance, benefits, drawbacks, and challenges of directing and controlling.


Some of the key points covered in this chapter are:



  • Directing is the process of guiding, influencing, motivating, and leading people to work towards organizational goals.



  • The elements of directing are supervision, communication, motivation, and leadership.



  • The styles of directing are autocratic, democratic, laissez-faire, etc.



  • Communication is the process of exchanging information, ideas, feelings, etc., among people.



  • The methods of communication are verbal, non-verbal, written, visual, etc.



  • The barriers of communication are physical, semantic, psychological, organizational, cultural, etc.



  • Controlling is the process of measuring, comparing, and correcting the performance of activities to ensure that they conform to the standards set by planning.



  • The types of controlling are feedforward, concurrent, and feedback control.



  • The techniques of controlling are budgetary control, ratio analysis, variance analysis, PERT/CPM, audit, etc.



  • The importance of directing and controlling lies in providing guidance, inspiration, feedback, and correction to people and activities in an organization.



  • The benefits of directing and controlling are improved productivity, quality, efficiency, effectiveness, etc.



  • The drawbacks of directing and controlling are resistance to change, loss of autonomy, stress, conflict, etc.



  • The challenges of directing and controlling are emotional intelligence, cross-cultural communication, empowerment, participation, etc.



Chapter 5: Leadership and Motivation




This chapter explores the traits and theories of leadership. It also examines the sources and styles of power. It also analyzes the needs and theories of motivation. It also highlights the role, benefits, problems, and factors of leadership and motivation.


Some of the key points covered in this chapter are:



  • Leadership is the process of influencing others to achieve a common goal.



  • The traits of leadership are physical, mental, social, and personality characteristics that distinguish leaders from followers.



  • The theories of leadership are behavioral, contingency, charismatic, transformational, etc.



  • Power is the ability to influence others to do something or to get something done.



  • The sources of power are legitimate, reward, coercive, expert, referent, etc.



  • The styles of power are directive, supportive, participative, achievement-oriented, etc.



  • Motivation is the process of arousing, directing, and sustaining the behavior of people towards a goal.



  • The needs of motivation are physiological, psychological, and social needs that drive human behavior.



  • The theories of motivation are content, process, reinforcement, etc.



  • The role of leadership and motivation lies in inspiring, energizing, and empowering people to perform at their best and achieve organizational goals.



  • The benefits of leadership and motivation are higher morale, commitment, loyalty, creativity, innovation, etc.



  • The problems of leadership and motivation are ethical dilemmas, abuse of power, conflicting goals, diverse needs, etc.



  • The factors of leadership and motivation are leader-follower relationship, task structure, situational variables, individual differences, organizational culture, etc.



Chapter 6: Organizational Culture and Change




This chapter defines and classifies organizational culture. It also explains the factors and models of organizational change. It also discusses the strategies and challenges of managing change. It also emphasizes the impact, advantages, disadvantages, and issues of organizational culture and change.


Some of the key points covered in this chapter are:



  • Organizational culture is the set of shared values, beliefs, norms, assumptions, symbols, artifacts, etc., that shape the behavior and identity of an organization.



  • The dimensions of organizational culture are power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism-collectivism, masculinity-femininity, etc.



  • The types of organizational culture are clan, adhocracy, market, hierarchy, etc.



  • Organizational change is the process of modifying or transforming the structure, strategy, culture, technology, people, etc., of an organization to adapt to internal or external changes.



  • The factors of organizational change are environmental forces (political, economic, social, technological, legal, ecological), organizational forces (vision, mission, goals, strategy, structure, culture), individual forces (needs, values, attitudes, perceptions), etc.



  • The models of organizational change are Lewin's three-step model (unfreeze-change-refreeze), Kotter's eight-step model (create urgency-build coalition-form vision-communicate vision-empower action-generate short-term wins-consolidate gains-anchor change), etc.



  • The strategies of managing change are directive strategy (top-down approach), participative strategy (bottom-up approach), educative strategy (learning approach), supportive strategy (counseling approach), etc.



  • The challenges of managing change are resistance to change (individual or organizational), conflict (functional or dysfunctional), stress (eustress or distress), etc.



  • The impact of organizational culture and change lies in influencing the performance, effectiveness, competitiveness, and sustainability of an organization.



  • The advantages of organizational culture and change are enhanced identity, cohesion, commitment, innovation, adaptability, etc.



  • The disadvantages of organizational culture and change are reduced diversity, flexibility, creativity, responsiveness, etc.



  • The issues of organizational culture and change are cultural fit, alignment, integration, diagnosis, measurement, etc.



Conclusion




In conclusion, Organization and Management


by R.D. Agrawal is a comprehensive guide that covers all the essential topics related to organization and management in a clear, concise, comprehensive, and practical manner. case studies, exercises, questions, etc., to illustrate and apply the concepts learned. The book is suitable for students, managers, and researchers who want to learn about organization and management in a systematic and logical manner. The book is also valuable for anyone who wants to improve their skills and knowledge in managing themselves, others, teams, projects, etc., in various contexts. The book is available in PDF format for download or purchase. You can access the book by clicking on the link below: Organization and Management by R.D. Agrawal PDF


We hope you enjoyed reading this article and found it useful. If you have any questions or feedback, please feel free to contact us. Thank you for your time and attention. FAQs




Here are some frequently asked questions and answers about the book Organization and Management by R.D. Agrawal:



  • Q: What is the main objective of the book? A: The main objective of the book is to provide a comprehensive and integrated coverage of all the fundamental concepts, principles, theories, models, tools, techniques, etc., related to organization and management.



  • Q: Who is the target audience of the book? A: The target audience of the book is students, managers, and researchers who want to learn about organization and management in a systematic and logical manner. The book is also suitable for anyone who wants to improve their skills and knowledge in managing themselves, others, teams, projects, etc., in various contexts.



Q: How is the book different from other books on organization and management? A: The book is different from other books on organization and management in several ways. Some of them are:


  • It covers all the essential topics of organization and management in a systematic and logical manner.



  • It explains the concepts in a simple and lucid language with suitable examples and diagrams.



  • It provides a balanced and integrated approach to both the theoretical and practical aspects of organization and management.



  • It incorporates the latest developments and trends in the field of organization and management.



  • It includes a variety of learning aids such as objectives, summaries, key terms, review questions, etc., at the end of each chapter.



  • It offers a rich collection of case studies, exercises, projects, etc., to enhance the understanding and application of the concepts.



  • Q: How can I access the book in PDF format? A: You can access the book in PDF format by clicking on the link below: Organization and Management by R.D. Agrawal PDF



  • Q: How can I contact the author of the book? A: You can contact the author of the book by sending an email to rdagrawal@gmail.com or by visiting his website at www.rdagrawal.com.



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