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Art & Craft Group

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Yaroslav Afanasyev
Yaroslav Afanasyev

Torso


In humans, most critical organs, with the notable exception of the brain, are housed within the torso. In the upper chest, the heart and lungs are protected by the rib cage, and the abdomen contains most of the organs responsible for digestion: the stomach, which breaks down partially digested food via gastric acid; the liver, which respectively produces bile necessary for digestion; the large and small intestines, which extract nutrients from food; the anus, from which fecal wastes are egested; the rectum, which stores feces; the gallbladder, which stores and concentrates bile; the kidneys, which produce urine, the ureters, which pass it to the bladder for storage; and the urethra, which excretes urine and in a male passes sperm through the seminal vesicles. Finally, the pelvic region houses both the male and female reproductive organs.




Torso


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The organs, muscles, and other contents of the torso are supplied by nerves, which mainly originate as nerve roots from the thoracic and lumbar parts of the spinal cord. Some organs also receive a nerve supply from the vagus nerve. The sensation to the skin is provided by the lateral and dorsal cutaneous branches.


Holometabolous insects undergo complete metamorphosis to become sexually mature adults. Metamorphosis is initiated by brain-derived prothoracicotropic hormone (PTTH), which stimulates the production of the molting hormone ecdysone via an incompletely defined signaling pathway. Here we demonstrate that Torso, a receptor tyrosine kinase that regulates embryonic terminal cell fate in Drosophila, is the PTTH receptor. Trunk, the embryonic Torso ligand, is related to PTTH, and ectopic expression of PTTH in the embryo partially rescues trunk mutants. In larvae, torso is expressed specifically in the prothoracic gland (PG), and its loss phenocopies the removal of PTTH. The activation of Torso by PTTH stimulates extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation, and the loss of ERK in the PG phenocopies the loss of PTTH and Torso. We conclude that PTTH initiates metamorphosis by activation of the Torso/ERK pathway.


Expression patterns of the Torso target gene tailless and cuticle phenotypes of two classes of torso mutants. Loss-of-function (lof) mutations in torso eliminate posterior tailless (tll) expression and posterior structures; gain-of-function (gof) mutations result in expansion of tll expression and ectopic and enlargement of posterior structures at the expense of central elements. Note the loss of Filzkörper (arrow in wild-type [WT] embryo) and A8 in the torso lof mutant embryo and deletion of central denticle belts and enlargement and ectopic Filzkörper in torsoGOF embryo. Embryos are shown anterior to the left, posterior right. Dark blue stain in the left panels indicates tll mRNA, as detected by in situ hybridization. Darkfield photographs of embryonic cuticular preparations are shown in the central panels, and schematic representations of these cuticular patterns are shown on the right. Red color indicates tissues derived from the acron (left) and telson (right). These tissues include the head skeletons (open arrows), the eighth abdominal denticle belt (A8), and the Filzkörper (closed arrows). A1 to A8, abdominal denticle belts; T1 to T3, thoracic segments.


Selected publications for background information: Functions and mechanisms of receptor tyrosine kinase Torso signaling:lessons from Drosophila embryonic terminal development (FBrf0183895), In and out of Torso RTK signalling (FBrf0157176), Dissection of the torso signal transduction pathway in Drosophila (FBrf0085737), Receptor tyrosine kinases in Drosophila development (FBrf0221727).


In order to measure space radiation as it propagates through Fred's body, Badhwar and his team have sliced Fred horizontally into 35 one-inch layers. In each section they've made holes for radiation detectors called dosimeters. The torso carries 416 lithium-crystal based passive dosimeters, which simply record the total radiation dose received throughout the mission. Fred is also equipped with 5 active detectors. These, placed at the Phantom's brain, thyroid, heart, colon, and stomach, can track the times that the radiation exposures took place.


2)An appropriate human torso simulator(phantom) for testing medical implant transmitters should consist of acylindrical Plexiglas container, measuring 30 cm in diameter and 76 cm long,with a sidewall thickness of 0.635 cm.


Bleeding is a leading cause of death in trauma. While tourniquets have resulted in substantial improvement in survival in injured patients such targeted and effective treatments are rare in torso hemorrhage.


Head and Torso Simulator (HATS) Type 4128C is a manikin with built-in ear and mouth simulators that provides a realistic reproduction of the acoustic properties of an average adult human head and torso. It is designed to be used in-situ electroacoustics tests on, for example, telephone handsets, headsets, audio conference devices, microphones, headphones, hearing aids and hearing protectors.


[1] Marius de Zayas, an artist, exhibitor, and writer on modern art, was born in Vera Cruz, Mexico, in 1880 and died in Stamford, Connecticut, in 1961. His work and career are discussed, with bibliography, in Douglas Hyland, Marius de Zayas; Conjurer of Souls [exh. cat., Spencer Museum of Art, University of Kansas, Lawrence; Philadelphia Museum of Art; and Center for Inter-American Relations, New York] (Lawrence, Kansas, 1981). He donated seven ancient sculptures to the Museo del Prado in 1943. Literature on the donation unaccountably describes him as a diplomat who served in the Middle East. See A. Garcia y Bellido, "La Escultura Clasica del `Legado Zayas' en el Museo del Prado," Archivo Español de Arqueologia 25 (1952), 87-102, with a date of 1943 for the donation; Elias Tormo y Monzo, Museo del Prado; catalogo de las esculteras I: la Sala de las Musas (Madrid, 1949), 58-59; Antonio Blanco, Museo del Prado, catalogo de la escultura (Madrid, 1957), 8, 135-136, with a date of 1944 for the Zayas donations. Information on de Zayas from his son Rodrigo de Zayas and Lloyd B. Wescott. Rodrigo de Zayas indicated (letters, 25 February and 17 March 1986, in NGA curatorial files) that the present sculpture, although probably bought in New York, may have been acquired through a Greek dealer named Jeladakis who was active in Paris. Dietrich von Bothmer has kindly pointed out that a public sale of the antiquities of a dealer named Geladakis was held in Paris on 20 May 1904 and Carlos Picon has pointed to various listings for Geladakis in Paris in John Davidson Beazley, Attic Red-Figure Vase Painters, 2d ed., 3 vols. (Oxford, 1963), 3: 1885. Marius de Zayas referred to the torso now in Washington as "Greek" rather than "Hellenistic," according to Rodrigo de Zayas (letter, 17 March 1986).


This robust torso was purchased in 1778 by Grand Duke of Tuscany Peter Leopold from the Gaddi collection, which was located in Florence; nothing is known of the work prior to this date, except that it was part of the above-mentioned private collection.


ETS-Lindgren's Head and Torso Test (HATS) Enclosure provides a free-field environment for head and torso testing of mobile phones and other handheld audio devices. Our Head and Torso Test (HATS) Enclosure are an affordable option when a large anechoic chamber is not required. Testing can be conducted using a head and torso unit, a single microphone, or a small array of microphones. This enclosure has the ability to split into two halves without tools, and is designed to fit through a standard door opening, allowing for easy relocation.


To stretch the muscles in your back and upper torso, try the torso rotation. Sit on the floor with your legs crossed. Hold your right foot with your left hand. Then move your left hand behind you, slowly open your upper body to the right. Hold for several seconds, and then return to the starting position. Switch hands and repeat on the other side. Gradually work up to 10 repetitions on both sides.


Declined sitting posture. The user's thighs are inclined with the buttocks higher than the knee and the angle between the thighs and the torso is greater than 90 degrees. The torso is vertical or slightly reclined and the legs are vertical. This position should not inhibit the ability to easily reach the keyboard or view the monitor.


Gene name - torso-like Synonyms - Cytological map position - 93F6-14 Function - Perforin-like protein Keywords - terminal system - follicle cells, CNS, trachea - secreted from the follicle cells incorporated into the vitelline bodies, which fuse and form the vitelline membrane. Upon egg activation, Tsl translocates to the oocyte plasmatic membrane and afterwards it is found both at the embryonic vitelline membrane and plasmatic membrane


This is a specimen from the Gunther von Hagens Institute for Plastination in Germany. It is a cross section of the human torso. Visible on the right is the liver, and then the base of the kidneys toward the center. This type of preparation preserves the tissue down to the cellular level, making them ideal for anatomy studies.


He has similar, All-or-Nothing grade of invulnerability, albeit it is limited to his head and torso.[8][1][9] He was able to make his way through titan warzone despite his clumsiness. It also extends to master-effects with him being immune to The Simurgh's scream.[10]


A negative physical exam combined with a normal chest X-ray does not rule out the presence of occult injuries and the need for torso imaging. In blunt trauma patients with normal sensorium, physical exam and chest X-ray, the practice of obtaining cross-sectional imaging appears beneficial by increasing the accuracy of total injury burden and decreasing the length of stay.


There are multiple ways to evaluate and treat trauma patients. Advanced trauma life support (ATLS) directs a rapid assessment of the acutely injured patient using physical examination, plain radiographs, and ultrasound to increase survival [2]. The use of torso computed tomography (CT) comes with vague recommendations. The ATLS guidelines do not detail recommendations as to the appropriate use of CT, and it is unclear which patients require this scan. Despite this, torso CT use for trauma patients has become much more common. 041b061a72


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